Obtaining a Canadian work visa, formally known as a work permit, typically involves several steps. Here’s a general outline of the process:
- Job Offer: Before applying for a work permit, you usually need to have a valid job offer from a Canadian employer. The employer may need to obtain a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC), which proves that there is a need for a foreign worker to fill the job and that no Canadian worker is available to do the job.
- Work Permit Application: Once you have a job offer (and an LMIA if required), you can apply for a work permit.
- Eligibility Requirements: You must prove that you are eligible to enter Canada, will leave Canada at the end of your employment, have enough money to support yourself and your family while in Canada and during your return home, are not criminally or medically inadmissible, and plan to work for an eligible employer.
- Documents: You will need to provide various documents with your application, such as a valid passport, the job offer letter, the LMIA (if applicable), and proof of your qualifications and work experience.
- Fees: Pay the required fees for processing your work permit application.
- Biometrics: Depending on your nationality, you may have to go to a Visa Application Centre (VAC) to have your biometrics taken.
- Interview: In some cases, you may be required to attend an interview at your local visa office.
- Permit Issuance: If your application is approved, you will receive a letter that you need to show to immigration officials when you arrive in Canada. Your work permit will then be issued at the point of entry when you arrive in Canada.
It’s important to note that there are different types of work permits, such as open work permits and employer-specific work permits. The requirements and application process can vary depending on your specific situation, the type of work you will be doing, and where you are applying from.